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The work of Franz Mesmer, amongst others, can be seen as both the last flourish of “occult” hypnosis and the first flourish of the “scientific” viewpoint.Mesmer was the first to propose a rational basis for the effects of hypnosis.
At the same time, the style of hypnosis changed, from a direct instruction issued by an authoritarian figure (a legacy of the charismatic mesmerist) to a more indirect and permissive style of trance induction, based on subtly persuasive language patterns.
Like breathing, hypnosis is an inherent and universal trait, shared and experienced by all human beings since the dawn of time.
On the other hand, it’s only in the last few decades that we’ve come to realise that!
In the 21st century, there are still those who see hypnosis as some form of occult power.
Those who believe that hypnosis can be used to perform miracles or control minds are, of course, simply sharing the consensus view that prevailed for centuries.