Bukharian community and dating
In 1843, Bukharian Jews collected 10,000 silver tan'ga and purchased land in Samarkand, known as Makhallai Yakhudion close to Registon.At the beginning of 17th century, the first synagogue had been constructed at Bukhara city.This was done in contravention of the law of Caliph Omar who forbade the construction of new synagogues as well as forcing the destruction of those that existed in the pre-Islamic period. The construction of the first Bukhara synagogue was credited to two people: Nodir Divan-Begi - an important grandee, and an anonymous widow, who reportedly outwitted an official.
The term "Bukharan" was coined by European travelers who visited Central Asia around the 16th century.The younger generation use Russian as their primary language, but do understand or speak Bukhori. The first primary written account of Jews in Central Asia dates to the beginning of the 4th century CE.The Bukharian Jews are Mizrahi Jews and have been introduced to and practice Sephardic Judaism. It is recalled in the Talmud by Rabbi Shmuel bar Bisna, a member of the Talmudic academy in Pumbeditha, who traveled to Margiana (present-day Merv in Turkmenistan) and feared that the wine and alcohol produced by local Jews was not kosher.Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the vast majority have emigrated to Israel or to the United States, while others have emigrated to Europe or Australia. Contents [hide] 1 Background 2 Name and language 3 History 3.1 Yosef Maimon 3.2 Soviet era 3.3 After 1991 3.4 Bukharian Jews in the USA 3.5 Bukharian Jews in Tajikistan 4 Culture 4.1 Dress Codes 4.2 Music 4.3 Cuisine 5 Notable Bukharian Jews 6 See also 7 References 8 External links Background There is a tradition among the Bukharian Jews tracing their ancestry to the Lost Tribes of Israel.These Jews claim to be descendants of Israelite tribes who never returned from the Babylonian captivity after exile in the 6th century BCE. Bukharan girl, circa 1900.